تعیین بهترین گرده‌دهنده برای رقم جدید به (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) ویدوجا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات علوم زراعی و باغی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران

2 پژوهشکده میوه‌های معتدله و سردسیری، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرج، ایران


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of the Best Pollinizer for New Quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) Cultivar “Viduja”

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Tatari 1
  • H. Abdollahi 2
1 Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Researc, Education and Extension Organization, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Temperate Fruits Research Center, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Fruit production with good quality depends on determination of self-fertility and self-incompatibility of cultivars as well as the best pollinizer. Therefore, this research was carried out to study the best pollinizer for introduced quince cultivar “Viduja”. The effects of the male parents, including KVD2, KVD4, Isfahan, Torsh and also open pollination were studied on quantitative and quality characteristics of the pollen recipient parent in a randomized complete block design with four replications at the Horticultural Research Station of Mobarakeh, Isfahan, Iran. To determine the best pollinizar, shoots of the donor parents were cut and the required amount of the pollen grains was prepared in the laboratory. Flowers of “Viduja” cultivar were emasculated in the balloon stage and covered with isolation bags. The isolation bags were removed temporarily and emasculated flowers were crossed with the pollen of donor parents. Female parent incompatibility was evaluated with covering a number of flowers in the balloon stage. Hand self-pollination and open pollination were carried out for “Viduja” cultivar. The results showed that there was not fruit set in self-pollinationed treatments. The highest fruit set obtained with pollens of KVD2 genotype. The length, diameter and fruit weight were not affected by the type of pollen, and only natural and hand self pollinated treatments had significant differences with other treatments. The highest total soluble solids were obtained from pollinated flowers with pollens of KVD2 genotype and open pollination. The pollen grain type had no significant effect on other fruit quality traits. In conclusion, the best source of pollen for “Viduja" quince cultivar was KVD2 genotype. Therefor the cultivation of this genotype is recommended in the “Viduja” orchards.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quince
  • female parent
  • pollen grain
  • pollination
  • self-incompatibility

Akbari, H. 2014. Study of incompatibility and determination of the best pollinizer for Isfahan quince cultivar. Journal of Horticultural Science 28: 192-198 (in Persian). Beyhan, N., and Karakas, B. 2009. Investigation of the fertilization biology of some sweet cherry cultivars grown in the Central Northern Anatolian Region of Turkey. Scientia Horticulturae 121: 320-326. Boskovic, R., and Tobutt, K. R. 2001. Genotyping cherry cultivars assigned to incompatibility groups by analysing stylar ribonucleases. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103: 475-485. Dalkilic, Z., and Mestav, H. O. 2011. In vitro pollen quantity, viability and germination tests in quince. African Journal of Biotechnology 10 (73): 16516-16520. Deri H. N., and Farkas A. H. 2013. Floral attractivity of Cydonia oblonga Mill. Cultivars. Acta Botanica Hungarian 48 (3-4): 279-290. Ghasemi, A. 2002. Collection and identification of defferent quince genotype (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) in Isfahan province. Final Report of Research Project. Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Isfahan, Iran 123 pp. (in Persian). Nuzzo, V., and Rubbi, G. 2004. Description and use of quince for fruit production. Department of Pomology, University of Potenza, Italy. 15 pp. Rasouli, M., and Arzani, K. 2011. Effect of pollen grain on the pollen tube growth and quantitative and qualitative characteristics of cherry fruits (Prunus avium L.) Zard Daneshkadeh cultivar. Iranian Journal of Horticaltural Sciences 41: 309-318 (in Persian). Singleton, V. L., and Rossi, J. A. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phospho- molybdic-phospho-tungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16: 144-158. Stosser, R., Hartmann, W., and Anvari, S. F. 1996. General aspects of pollination and. fertilization of pome and stone fruit. Acta Horticulturae 423: 15-22. Talaei, A., Vahedi, B., Askari, M. A., and Ershadi, A. 2007. Selection of the best pollinizer cultivar for some Iranian commercial apple cultivars. Iranian Journal of Horticaltural Sciences 38: 241-250 (in Persian). Thakur, B. R., Singh, R. K., and Nelson, P. E. 1996. Quality attributes of processed tomato products. Food Reviews International 3: 357-401.