عنوان مقاله [English]
Identification and selection of efficient genotypes for uptake and utilization of potassium (K) can help to increasing potassium fertilizers and available soil potassium use efficiency in K-deficient soils. Therefore, efficiency of of potassium uptake and utilization 25 cotton genotypes was studied in deficient (0.025 mM) and sufficient (2.5 mM) potassium levels in a hydroponics experiment. Potassium efficiency of cotton genotypes were classified based on three criteria including; shoot dry weight in K-deficient level, the dry weight ratio (dry weight in K deficient : dry weight at K sufficient), and K use efficiency. Potassium deficiency decreased dry weight, K concentration and K uptake by root and shoot of cotton genotypes, while K use efficiency increased in deficient K level. Very high and significant correlation (r = 0.98**) was observed between root and soot dry weight of genotypes. Correlations between root and shoot dry weight with K uptake and K use efficiency were also significant. Grouping of potassium efficiency of cotton genotypes identified six efficient genotypes based on soot dry weight and dry weight ratio, whereas only four efficient genotypes were identified based on K use efficiency. In conclusion, cv. Golestan, Sajedi and genotype N2G80 were selected as efficient genotypes for potassium uptake and utilization.
Aamer, M., Sabir, M. F., and Sadiq, M. A. 2014. Exploiting genotypic variability among cotton cultivars for potassium use efficiency. Developing Country Studies 4: 7-12.
Ahmad, Z., Gill, M. A., Qureshi, R. H., Hamud-ur-Rehman, and Mahmood, T. 2001. Phosphorus nutrition of cotton cultivars under deficient and adequate levels in solution culture. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32 (1-2): 171-187.
Ardakani, A. O., Armin, M., and Filekesh, E. 2016. The effect of rate and application method of potassium on yield and yield components of cotton in saline conditions. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 14 (3): 514-525 (in Persian).
Cassman, K. G., Kerby T. A., Roberts B. A., Bryant D. C., and Brouder, S. M. 1989. Differential response of two cotton cultivars to fertilizer and soil potassium. Agronomy Journal 81: 870-876.
Chachar, K. M., Chachar Q. I., Chachar N. A., Chachar S. D., and Chachar, M. H. 2015. Genotypic variation for potassium uptake and utilization efficiency in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Agricultural Technology 11: 839-853.
Domingues, L. d. S., Ribeiro, N. D., Andriolo, J. L., Possobom, M. T. D. F., and Zemolin, A. E. M. 2014. Selection of common bean lines for calcium use efficiency. Revista Ciencia Agronomica 45: 767-776.
Fageria, N. K., Filho, M. P. B., and Da Costa, J. G. C. 2001. Potassium-use efficiency in common bean genotypes. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24: 1937-1945.
Gerloff, G. C. 1977. Plant efficiencies in the use of N, P and K. Pp. 161-174. In: Wright, M. J. (ed.) Plant Adaptation to Mineral Stress in Problem Soils. Cornell University Press, NY, USA.
Gerloff, G. C., and Gabelman, W. H. 1983. Genetic basis of inorganic plant nutrition. Pp. 453-480. In: Lauchli, A., and Bieleski, R. L. (eds.) Inorganic Plant Nutrition. Encyclopedia and Plant Physiology New Series, Volume 15B. Springer Verlag, NY, USA.
Gill, H., Singh, A., Sethi, S., and Behl, R. 2004. Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency in different varieties of bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.). Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 50: 563-572.
Hawkesford, M. J. 2011. An overview of nutrient use efficiency and strategies for crop improvement. Pp. 5-19. In: Hawkesford, M. J., and Barraclough, P. (eds.) The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chichester, UK.
Hua, H. B., Li, Z. H., and Tian, X. L. 2009. Mechanism of tolerance to potassium deficiency between Liaomian 18 and NuCOTN99B at seedling stage. Acta Agronomica Sinica 35: 475-482.
Iqbal, R. J., Ranjha, A. M., Waheed, T., and Ahmed, I. 2001. Genotypic differences among cotton genotypes for phosphorus use efficiency and stress factor. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3 (2): 186-187.
Johnson, C. M., Stout, P. R., Broyer, T. C., and Carlton, A. B. 1957. Comparative chlorine requirements of different plant species. Plant and Soil 8: 337-353.
Jones, J. B., and Case, V. W. 1990. Sampling, handling, and analyzing plant tissue samples. Pp. 389-427. In: Westerman, R. L. (ed.) Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.
Kerby, T. A., and Adams, F. 1985. Potassium nutrition of cotton. Pp. 843- 860. In: Munson, R. D. (ed.) Potassium in Agriculture. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.
Khavazi, K., Balali, M. R., Bazargan, K., Tehrani, M. M., Rezaee, H., Asadi Rahmani, H., Gheibi M. N., Davoodi, M. H., Saadat, S., Moshiri, F., and Davatgar, N. 2014. Comprehensive soil fertility and plant nutrition program 2014-2025. Soil and Water Research Institute Press. Karaj, Iran. 282 pp. (in Persian).
Korkmaz, K., and Altıntas, C. 2016. Phosphorus use efficiency in canola genotypes. Turkish Journal of Agriculture – Food Science and Technology 4: 424-430.
Korkmaz, K., Ibrikci, H., Karnez, E., Buyuk, G., Ryan, J., Ulger, A., and Oguz, H. 2009. Phosphorus use efficiency of wheat genotypes grown in calcareous soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition 32: 2094-2106.
Kosar, H. S., Gill, M. A., Aziz, T., and Tahir, M. A. 2003. Relative phosphorus utilization efficiency of wheat genotypes in hydroponics. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 40: 28-32.
Lopez, M., El-Dahan, M. A. A., and Leidi, E. O. 2008. Genotypic variation in potassium uptake in dryland cotton. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31: 1947-1962.
Mengel, K., and Kirkby, E. A. 2001. Principles of plant nutrition. 5th Edition. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 849 pp.
Mulins, G. L., and Burmester, C. H. 2010. Relation of growth and development to mineral nutrition. Pp. 97-105. In: Stewart, J. M., Oosterhuis, D., Heitholt, J. J., Mauney, J. R. (eds.) Physiology of cotton. Springer publications. NY, USA.
Naseem, M., Baber, J. K., Ahmed, M., Akram, M., Tareen, M. H., and Shahinshah. 2014. Effect of potassium application on K use efficiency, K uptake and grain yield of wheat varieties. Life Science International Journal 8: 3078-3082.
Oosterhuis, D. M., Loka, D. and Raper, T. 2013. Potassium and stress alleviation: Physiological functions and management. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 176: 331-343.
Osborne, L. D., and Rengel, Z. 2002. Screening cereals for genotypic variation in efficiency of phosphorus uptake and utilisation. Crop and Pasture Science 53: 295-303.
Pettigerw, W. T. 2003. Relationships between insufficient potassium and crop maturity in cotton. Agronomy Journal 95: 1323-1329.
Pettigrew, W. T. 2008. Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean and cotton. Physiologia Plantarum 133: 670-681.
Rengel, Z., and Damon, P. M. 2008. Crops and genotypes differ in efficiency of potassium uptake and use. Physiologia Plantarum 133: 624-636.
Rengel, Z., and Graham, R. D. 1995. Wheat genotypes differ in Zn efficiency when grown in the chelate-buffered nutrient solution, I. Growth. Plant and Soil 176: 307-316.
Sabir, M., Gill, M. A., Rahmatullah, Aziz, T., and Maqsood, M. A. 2003. Differences among rice cultivars in potassium uptake and its utilization. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 40 (3-4): 119-121.
Seilsepour, M. 2012. Effects of different rates, sources and time of application of potassium fertilizer on quantitative and qualitative parameters of cotton (Gossipium hirsutum). Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi) 94: 23-31 (in Persian).
Shah, J. A., Zia-ul-hassan, R., I., and Sial, M. A. 2014. Evaluating boron-use-efficiency of twenty cotton genotypes of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences 30: 147-158.
Siddiqi, M. Y., and Glass, A. D. M. 1981. Utilization index: A modified approach to estimation and comparison of nutrient utilization efficiency in plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition 4: 289-302.
Wang, L., and Chen, F. 2012. Genotypic variation of potassium uptake and use efficiency in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 175: 303-308.
White, P. J. 2013. Improving potassium acquisition and utilisation by crop plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 176: 305-316.
White, P. J., Hammond, J. P., King, G. J., Bowen, H. C., Hayden, R. M., Meacham, M. C., Spracklen, W. P., and Broadley, M. R. 2010. Genetic analysis of potassium use efficiency in Brassica oleracea. Annals of Botany 105 (7): 1199-1210.
Yang, F., Wang, G., Zhang, Z., Eneji, A. E., Duan, L., Li, Z., and Tian, X. 2011. Genotypic variations in potassium uptake and utilization in cotton. Journal of Plant Nutrition 34: 83-97.
Zhang, Z., Tian X., Duan L., Wang B., He Z., and Li, Z. 2007. Differential responses of conventional and Bt-transgenic cotton to potassium deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition 30: 659-670.
Zia-ul-Hassan, A. M., and Khalid, A. 2011. Evaluating potassium-use-efficient cotton genotypes using different ranking methods. Journal of Plant Nutrition 34: 1957-1972.